50 years ago, on March 5, 1970, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) entered into force. It remains the cornerstone document in international efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons, ultimately leading to its elimination, and to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
NPT is a unique and one of a kind document, as there is no other almost universal international treaty based on the agreement between nuclear and non-nuclear countries.
By signing the Lisbon Protocol to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1991 between the USSR and the USA (START I) together with Belarus and Ukraine on May 23, 1992, we committed ourselves to joining the NPT as a non-nuclear-weapon state. This event was an important stage in the implementation of the country's foreign policy based on the humane aspirations to achieve a world free from nuclear weapons.
This was preceded by consistent work connected to a coordinated and smart decision of the First President of Kazakhstan, Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev to close the Semipalatinsk Test Site, to renounce its nuclear status and to withdraw all nuclear weapons from Kazakhstan inherited after the collapse of the USSR. Based on the policies of the Kazakh leader, a further vision of the country's development based on a nuclear-free path has been determined.
The upcoming milestone 2020 NPT Review Conference should not only reaffirm the decisions of previous conferences, but also set specific tasks for the next period.
It is necessary to achieve an unconditional fulfillment by all parties to the NPT of their obligations embodied in a balanced unity of the three fundamental components – disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy.
On the International Day against Nuclear Tests, August 29, 2019, Kazakhstan joined the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. We consider this Treaty complementary to the NPT.
Kazakhstan intends to continue implementing the initiatives of the First President aimed at achieving a world free of nuclear threats by the centenary of the UN in 2045.
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